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Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Ocular Hypertension

Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension means the pressure in your eye, or your intraocular pressure (IOP), is higher than normal levels. Elevated IOP is also associated with glaucoma, which is a more serious condition that causes vision loss and optic nerve damage. By itself, however, ocular hypertension doesn't damage your vision or eyes.

Studies suggest that 2% to 3% of the general population may have ocular hypertension.

Signs and symptoms of ocular hypertension

You can't tell by yourself that you have ocular hypertension, because there are no outward signs or symptoms such as pain or redness. At each eye exam, your eyecare practitioner will measure your IOP and compare it to normal levels.

During routine eye exams, a tonometer is used to measure your IOP. Your eye typically is numbed with eye drops, and a small probe gently rests against your eye's surface. Other tonometers direct a puff of air onto your eye's surface to indirectly measure IOP.

What causes ocular hypertension?

Anyone can develop ocular hypertension, but it's most common in African-Americans, people over 40, those with family history of ocular hypertension or glaucoma, and those with diabetes or high amounts of nearsightedness.

IOP may become elevated due to excessive aqueous fluid production or inadequate drainage. Certain medications, such as steroids, and trauma can cause higher-than-normal IOP measurements as well.

Ocular hypertension treatment

People with ocular hypertension are at increased risk for developing glaucoma, so some eye doctors prescribe medicated eye drops to lower IOP in cases of ocular hypertension. Because these medications can be expensive and may have side effects, other eye doctors choose to monitor your IOP and only take action if you show signs of developing glaucoma. Because of the increased risk for glaucoma, you should have your IOP measured at the intervals your doctor recommends if you have ocular hypertension.

 

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Dear Patient,

The health and safety of our patients, staff, and doctors are our utmost concern, so as our practice transitions back to our regular office hours, we are implementing the following COVID-19 patient policy guidelines.

Before your appointment:

  1. Please reschedule your appointment if you become unwell, experience any flu-like symptoms, or come in contact with anyone posing a threat of transmitting the COVID-19 virus.
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  3. Our staff will be required to wear masks when interacting with patients. Although not required per Governor Abbott’s executive order, we are recommending you wear some type of face mask or face covering during your visit.

At your appointment:

  1. Our staff will be checking your temperature upon your arrival. If you have a fever (100.4° F) or are otherwise unwell, then we will reschedule your appointment.
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Thank you for your cooperation and consideration, and please contact us with any questions or concerns at 512-336-2371 or at info@balconeseyecare.com.

We wish all of you well,

The Doctors and Staff at Balcones Eyecare